The rose hip is the round fruit part of the rose plant found below the flower. The fruit is typically red but may also be orange or purple in some variations.
The fruit contains the seeds used to grow the rose plant. In its dried form, manufacturers add rose hip to medicines, supplements and other products.
Since rose hip is rich with several antioxidants, including lycopene and vitamins C and E, it is particularly useful for improving overall health.
Medical professionals believe that rose hip may have a number of health benefits. This article discusses these benefits, which include treating arthritis and improving heart health, in more detail below.
Rose Hips Facts
Rose hips grow where roses are grown. Most commonly, they are found in temperate climates in the Northern Hemisphere, where roses are native.
There are several types of rose species. These variations include rosa gallica (french rose), rosas canina (dog rose) and rosa rugosa (beach rose).
The beach rose is typically found in Asia, while the french rose is native to Europe. In fact, the french rose was one of the first types of roses found in central Europe.
Many types of roses will include rose hips. The beach rose, in particular, includes rose hips.
Rose hips start to grow in the early summer months. They are most ripe in late August and early autumn.
Many people associate rose hips with their health benefits. However, they have also been used in other forms.
Rose hips are a fruit, and people use them to make jams, jellies, and desserts.
In fact, there is a traditional Hungarian brandy known as “palinka” made using rose hips. The fruit is well known in the country and in its surrounding area, including in Austria.
Many people use rose hips in herbal teas, given their many antioxidants.
Today, rose hip is very popular in supplement form. It is also made as a powder and oil.
Researchers have identified several rose hips benefits that improve health. These health benefits range from treating the effects of arthritis to fighting obesity and reducing blood sugar levels.
Given these rose hips benefits, it is clear why the supplements are so popular.
Medical research on the effects of rose hip has come to several conclusions about the effectiveness of rose hip.
Here are the key findings on the health benefits of rose hip:
One of the main health benefits of rose hip is alleviating the symptoms of arthritis.
The supplement is able to help prevent the breakdown of joint tissue. It also has an anti-inflammatory effect which helps to manage symptoms.
According to a 2005 study in the Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology, rose hip can alleviate the symptoms of arthritis. Taking the supplement daily resulted in a reduction of osteoarthritis pain.
After three months of treatment, the rose hip supplement reduced stiffness and overall severity of the arthritis.
In addition, a 2010 study in Phytomedicine concluded that patients with rheumatoid arthritis may benefit from treatment with rose hip powder.
Patients taking rose hip reported improved health and reduced pain following treatment.
There is strong evidence that rosebud can be effective in reducing the pain associated with osteoarthritis, the most common form of arthritis.
Believe it or not, rose hip may be a natural treatment for obesity.
A 2015 study found that daily intake of rose hip extract can decrease body weight and abdominal fat area.
According to the study, which studied the effects over a 12-week period, body fat percent “tended to decrease compared with the placebo group.”
Previous studies had shown the anti-obesity effects of rose hip in animals. This recent study established the relationship in humans.
In addition, rose hip can lower cholesterol in the body. The supplement reduces LDL cholesterol, the bad cholesterol that can increase chances of stroke and heart attack.
Rose hip is a powerful supplement to boost your immune health.
In particular, it is useful because of its high amounts of vitamin C. In fact, rose hip may have more vitamin C than some citrus fruits.
Vitamin C is widely known to improve the immune system. Research shows that vitamin C helps to repair tissue in the immune system. It also prevents more serious complications associated with the common cold.
The benefits of rose hip also extend to diabetes.
For those at risk, rose hip may help lower blood sugar levels and prevent diabetes.
Scientists have shown that rose hip helps reduce high blood pressure and prevent obesity, two conditions associated with type 2 diabetes.
A study in the American Journal of Physiology found that mice had a higher glucose tolerance and lower blood sugar levels after regularly taking rose hip.
This effect may also apply to humans.
In a 2012 study published in the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, researchers found that 6 weeks of rose hip consumption significantly reduced systolic blood pressure, low density cholesterol and LDL cholesterol.
According to the researchers, rose hip consumption can “significantly reduce cardiovascular risk in obese people through lowering of systolic blood pressure and plasma cholesterol levels.”
Rose hip may even have applications in treating cancer.
In fact, one study recently found that rose hip can reduce the growth of cells in breast cancer.
The supplement was particularly useful in responding to a breast cancer called “triple negative.” This is an aggressive cancer that is difficult to fight.
Triple negative is especially prevalent in young women. It most commonly affects African-American and Hispanic women.
The study showed the rose hip extract could “reduce the migration of breast cancer cells by as much as 45 percent.”
Reducing Stretch Marks
In a 2015 study, researchers set out to evaluate the effects of rose hip powder on skin wrinkling and aging.
The study, published in Clinical Interventions in Aging, had an interesting results.
The researchers found that rose hip resulted in “statistically significant improvements in crow’s-feet wrinkles, skin moisture, and elasticity after 8 weeks of treatment.”
Additionally, research found that rose hip oil can help reduce stretch marks in pregnant women.
Women who used the oil twice daily had a lower chance of getting stretch marks than those that did not use the rose hip supplement.